Drug Calculations For Paramedics

Medical industry is one of the fastest growing domains of the country. India shelters some of the finest doctors of the world. It captivates patients from all across the countries to visit here for better treatments. It is also because treatments in India are much less than that of hospitals in other countries. It has given a boom to medical tourism industry in the country. Every year thousands of patients visit India to have good treatments in lesser price and also to explore this magnificent destination. With the rise in this domain the need of skilled professionals who can successfully handle the complications of a health care set up are required. In order to enter this sector one should have a specialized degree in a specific area of medicine. There are various colleges that are offering top notch education in this sector.

Paramedic technicians are some of the most demanded professionals in the industry. They are the ones who handle the accident and emergency cases. Their task is undoubtedly hard but they can successfully handle the situation during the time a patient is taken to the hospital. To enter this section it is important to pursue course for paramedics. In this course students are given the insight of handling the situation efficiently. Students are taught through practical implementation for which the mock circumstances are created. Colleges offering courses for paramedics houses some of the finest teachers who share their expertise with students so that they can bridge the gap between skills they have and skills that industry is looking for. After the completion of the course of paramedics one can work as a full time professional and can also build career in teaching or consulting as well.

Another crucial area in this domain is quality management in healthcare. To offer the best treatments it is important to maintain the standards of the hospital so that patients do not face any trouble related to hygiene or medication. A professional specialized in quality management in healthcare takes care of all the verticals and maintains the standards of the hospital to ensure smoother functioning. It is similar to that of management in a corporate sector but it requires technical knowledge as well.

If you are also hunting for a college where you can pursue courses in Accidents and Emergencies or course in quality management in healthcare then internet is going to be a great help. You can refer various colleges broaches to get the best one so that your career goes in right direction.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Drug calculations for Paramedics?
    Ok, we just got into drug calc in Paramedic, and I'm trying to figure out how to figure out mg per mL. For instance, if Med control tells me to issue 2mg/kg of drug x to a pediatric PT who weighs 18.1kg, and the concentration is 50mg/2mL, how would I find out the correct dosage? My teacher is basically the type to throw out a billion different formulas, yet fail to specify which is for what, and he isn't too fond of paying attention to anyone who is confused. Also, if someone could tell me how to do dopamine calculations step by step, I'd greatly appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      1) Weight * desired dose per kg : 18.1 * 2= 36.2mg
      2) 50mg / 2ml = 25mg / 1ml; WANT / HAVE. 36.2,mg / 25mg/ml = 1.448ml = 1.5ml

      As for Dopamine much the same.

      100kg patient; dopamine @ 10mcg/kg/min
      - 100kg * 10mcg/kg/min = 1000mcg/min ("kg" cancel out)
      - let's use a premixed bag of dopamine, 800mcg/ml
      - 1000mcg/min / 800mcg/ml = 1.25ml/min

      WANT /HAVE is the key. How much do you WANT to give divided by how much you HAVE.

      Good luck.

  2. QUESTION:
    drug calculations?
    I am a paramedic student, any trick you know for drug calculations

    for so for drops and concentriations

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry. I can't figure out what it is you want. Maybe if you gave a couple of examples, we could tell you how to do it.

  3. QUESTION:
    Paramedics,Nurses, or doctors please help me with this drug calculation.?
    You have to give 1,000 units per hour of a drug, you have 25,000 units in 500ccs of normal saline. use a micro drip to infuse.

    What is the infusion rate with drops per minute?

    Please show me how you did the math

    • ANSWER:
      1] first, a microdrip is 60 drops per cc.
      2] ratio:
      25,000 units/500 cc = 1,000 units/X cc
      3] cross multiply:
      25,000 X = 500,000
      4] divide to solve:
      X = 20 cc, or 20 drops per minute
      5] cross - check: [ always!!! ]
      50 units heparin/cc x 20 cc/hr = 100 units/hour
      PS: first answer is wrong! - hope he is not a nurse!!

  4. QUESTION:
    qualifications needed for paramedic?
    Ok im at college and im currently studying Health and social care for 3 years 1 year diploma and the next two years will be A level, but what else do i need to become a paramedic?

    • ANSWER:
      Most Paramedic classes require an A&P class and nothing else.
      Some programs don't require pre-requisits at all!
      I recommend A&P and Medical terminology to give you a helping hand in the program.
      Math is important for the drug calculations (Basic Algebra)

      A good study ethic is the key to passing the class.

      Good paramedics are more street smart than college educated !

      Education is important to pass the class but the street smart stand out from the rest of the other paramedics.

      Money is not the best in this field!

      Good Luck!

  5. QUESTION:
    going to paramedic school?
    Hello I intend on going to school to be a paramedic, I'm just the kind of person who likes to be overly prepared, that being said I want to be as prepared as possible for paramedic school. What can I do to be prepared for medic school and what do I not need to be studying right now. I would prefer answers from people in the medical field but every answer is appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      I heard you ! over prepared is better than under prepared ! I am starting Paramedic School next month just finished my pre-course what helps is buying a good A&P book I recommend Anatomy and Physiology for paramedics by AAOS. Learn your medical terminology very well practice your MATH for drug calculations as well as practicing your patient assessments buy flashcards and a nice big white board for review. Find a nice place to study and GO! try to understand what you are reading instead of just memorizing signs and symptoms understand why they are displaying them. Hope this helps and good luck !

  6. QUESTION:
    being a paramedic?
    Anyone who is a paramedic i like to know a. how hard is it to become a paramedic , whats the schooling like ? Does it involve alot of math science etc? and do you like the job?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi! I'm a paramedic, and I recently got my license. I've been working in the field for about six months now.

      Usually, to become a paramedic, you need either your high school diploma or GED. Then, you need to take an EMT-Basic course (usually lasts about a semester) where you will learn basic procedures. After that, you can enroll in a paramedic program. The average paramedic program lasts between 1 and 2 years, and results in either a certificate or an associate's degree. After that, you need to pass state and national tests, so you can get a license to practice as a paramedic in the state you want to work in.
      There is some science involved, but it's mostly human anatomy and physiology, more biological sciences. You will have to understand how different medications affect the human body, so I guess there's some chemistry in there, too. As far as math goes, all you really need to know is Algebra 1 (for drug calculations). Math and science are not my strong subjects, and I did just fine.
      You may have to do a few more science and math classes if you enroll in an associate's degree level paramedic program.
      I love my job! Sometimes it gets stressful, and I wouldn't think of paramedicine as the only career you will be doing. The average paramedic is only in the field for 7 years before they move on to a different career. The "burn out" rate is very high; it is hard to stay in the field long. I'm planning on becoming a PA in a few years. There are some paramedics, though, who have been working in the field for 15-20 years, and they have no problems.
      It's a matter of how well you as a person handle stress. The hours are long; I work 24 hours straight, and then I'm off for two days. And the pay can really vary, depending on what state you work in. Despite all the challenges, I couldn't imagine doing anything else right now, though!
      Hope this helps!

  7. QUESTION:
    Is becoming a Paramedic difficult?
    I am a VERY average learning guy when it comes to academics.
    I have to study a lot to get A's. I want to be a fireman and I have to get EMT-B certified. I am not worried about doing that.
    However, most departments today really want firefighters to be EMT-Paramedic certified. I am thinking of going for this, but I am worried about the schooling. (im sure it can't be like Med school?)
    I am also not too good in algebra. So should I take a class to get that down to be a paramedic? Is math needed? I herd its all mostly science and anatomy, biology etc.

    All the info you can give, like what a paramedic is responsible for knowing, the degree of difficulty of stuff ill have to learn.
    As much info as you can write would be great!

    • ANSWER:
      I got hired on by a fire department as an EMT-B. They sent me through school to become a paramedic. I went to a school that was eight hours a day at five days a week. This was over a 7 month period (included A&P). I have always had to try hard to get my As, and it was no different in paramedic school. There were some guys that could wing it and not study, but I had to study my butt off every night. I'm not the best at math, and I'm still not. There is some math involved because of drug calculations. Subjects that you will go over in paramedic school include: anatomy and physiology, medical, cardiac, trauma, legal, etc. Now time for the advice part. Study hard in EMT-B and whatever other classes you may take part in. Begin testing at whatever fire department will let you. Many departments still hire EMT-B and they will send you through paramedic school or sometimes even fire academy. You need all of the experience you can get at testing for fire departments. Don't get discouraged because paramedic school will be difficult. Nothing is impossible if you put your mind and heart into it. Study hard, have confidence, keep your goals in mind, and you will be fine. You can do it, trust me. Good luck!

  8. QUESTION:
    Difference between EMT, and Paramedics? and how to become one?
    What are the differences between Paramedics and EMT's? like where they work? what they do? what opportunities do they have?

    Can someone also explain how to become an EMT or paramedic?

    I think it would be cool to do rescue work, Like for a fired department, or search and rescue team.
    I think that would require becoming a Paramedic right?
    Can someone explain the process of becoming an EMT, and a Paramedic? also the job opportunities as one.

    Also.
    Im good at most subjects except math, and sometimes science.
    How hard is it to become an EMT or Paramedic if you suck at Math? Like I know all the basics pretty well, just stuff like Algebra, I have trouble with. Would I have trouble becoming an EMT / Paramedic?
    What are the hardest parts of becoming en EMT or Paramedic?

    Thanks A lot

    • ANSWER:
      EMTs provide basic life support. They can all administer oxygen, and in some/most regions, they can administer Epi pens, aspirin, oral glucose, glucagon, and assist patients with their Nitro. They can provide CPR including AED and ventilatory adjuncts (OPAs and NPAs, and in some cases the Combitube or EOA), spinal immobilization, and splinting. They are also fully capable of taking vital signs including blood pressure, pulse, spO2, lung sounds, respiratory rate, BGL, etc.

      Paramedics on the other hand, have significantly more schooling. They are in care of cardiac monitors and can interpret 12-lead EKGs. They can administer an extensive list of medications including Narcan, respiratory medications such as albuterol and Atrovent, antidysrhythmics such as Lidocaine, Amiodarone, Adenosine, Cardizem, medications for allergic reactions such as epinephrine and benadryl, as well as many other medications depending on their local protocols. They can perform RSI (Rapid Sequence Induction/Intubation) as well as normal intubations. They also have other airways depending on location such as LMAs or the King airway and can perform needle decompression and cricothyrotomy. They can perform interventions such as syncronized cardioversion, defibrillation, and transcutaneous pacing. And of course they can start IVs (through which the majority of medications are given), and can also do IOs (where a needle is drilled most standardly into the tibial tuberosity) but can also give medications intranasally, IM, PO, ETT, and SQ.

      EMT training typically takes from 3-6 months (depending on the course). Do a quick google search for EMT courses in your area. You could also go to your states emergency medical services website and they may have more information.
      As for paramedic training, it takes from 1.5-2 years and you should be an EMT for at least 2 years before beginning the course.
      Once you are certified/licensed, you can work on the road in an ambulance, in a hospital (typically emergency department) setting, or get your fire certs and work for a fire department.

      Many fire departments prefer fire medics. However, there are still departments that only require you to be an EMT.

      You really should know math if you become a paramedic. As an EMT, you do not do a whole lot of math-related things, but paramedics use math on a daily basis. We use it for drug calculations, determining weight (lbs to kg), and various formulas such as the Parkland Formula. Still, this shouldn't case much of an issue.

      The hardest part of becoming an EMT or paramedic defers for many people, so I couldn't tell you what would make it difficult for you :)

  9. QUESTION:
    do you have to be extremely smart to be a paramedic?
    like as smart as a doctor?

    • ANSWER:
      Ha! not at all... I mean you will have to be smart enough to try. I've seen people who aren't good at anything else become paramedics and they are some of the best I know. Because they try... Becoming a Paramedic requires alot of dedication and a ton of studying, But if you're willing to try hard enough for it, like if its really what you want to do, then it is definitely possible.

      These are the kinds of things that you will have to know, or be fairly good at to become a medic...
      You will have to know basic math for drug calculations and dosages(at least algebra 1 level).
      Anatomy and Physiology you will have to be familiar with the body, how it works, including the cells and physiology of how they all work.
      This is extremely important for understanding the disease processes and how they work. Because if you don't know whats wrong with a person, then you can't help them.
      And you will have to be fairly good at critical thinking, and finding out whats wrong with a person even though you just met them, and you just did a 3 minute assessment.

      Other than that you should be good... If you can handle all that sort of a thing then everything else will be taught in school. So just make sure that you study hard at it, and you'll be fine.

      Hope this helps!

  10. QUESTION:
    Do paramedics also recue dogs?
    I heard that paramedics rescue dogs too is it true? Thanks in advance

    • ANSWER:
      People are the priority. Maybe if it is a fire and no one else was inside they may try to throw a non-rebreather on Fido but you have to be careful since the dog may bite you. There's not much you can do. I am not sure if starting a line is the same as on a human. I don't think intubating would be very effective. I don't know drug calculations for dogs let alone whether there would be toxic effects.

      There is actually a class taught to only professional rescuers affiliated with a responding agency for k9 emergency medical care. It's open to EMTs who respond with a police department that have k9s or k9 handlers only.

  11. QUESTION:
    When you got in a car accident, were the paramedics talking to you?
    I got hit by a car when I was 13. After being knocked unconscious, when I woke up I turned and looked at the paramedic and he told me, "You were hit by a car," but he didn't say anything to me after that.

    Then I was put into a helicopter with another paramedic who looked a bit alarmed at my condition and he was getting the blood off of me, but he didn't talk to me.

    I was never in shock trauma, but I was in bad shape and I would have died without surgery.

    Also, when I broke all of my ribs I was lucky that none of them went into my heart, because that would have been the end.

    Now that I'm a medical receptionist, I think back to how these paramedics were not talking to me during my accident, how I didn't even know what my injuries were until like 2 hours after the crash when I was at the hospital. As a receptionist I have to be friendly, talkative, etc and paramedics don't have to say more than a sentence to crash victims.

    • ANSWER:
      Sometimes what we are doing medically is taking more of our attention than talking to you. I, as well as many medics, do our best to talk to pt's and explain what we are doing as well as reassure them, however if we have to choose between talking and saving your life - we will save your life.

      It is really hard to talk when we have to be primarily thinking about how to help you. Drug calculations, medical procedures, radio communications, etc., all take a lot of attention especially when there is no margin for error. Imagine trying to drive, do an algebra problem that has to be correct the first time, talking on the phone with your boss, and knitting a scarf all at the same time. That is basically the amount we have to juggle when we have a pt that is very sick (which is what I am assuming about your case since you got a ride in the helicopter).

      Know that our silence does not mean we don't care. It means we care enough to do our best to help you, even thou it might seem a bit rude or cold.

  12. QUESTION:
    What subjects do I need to take in year 11 to help me to be a paramedic ? do i need chemistry ?

    • ANSWER:
      Take anatomy and physiology, very helpful. Also take algebra and basic chemistry, they will help you understand the pharmacology training and drug dosage calculations.

      If it's available to you, take a basic EMT course, it will get you a little ahead in paramedic training and may even get you some experience on an ambulance.

      It may not pay the best, but EMS is a great field to work in.

  13. QUESTION:
    Paramedic's or nurse's. drug calc help...?
    OK. You have a 75 kilo patient. Your patient is symptomatic bradycardic at a rate of 45. You decide on your own to set up a dopamine drip at 5mcg/kg/min. You have a 60 drop tube. And your dopemine is in a 250 ML bag. Show me the calculation please. Thanks
    Im sorry, there's 400 mg of dopamine in the bag of fluids.
    ok guys, you have orders now. The point of the question is HOW YOU do drug calculations.

    • ANSWER:

  14. QUESTION:
    emt classes?
    what are the EMT classes u need to take from start to finish to become a paramedic?

    • ANSWER:
      The above answerer is right. EMT and paramedic are two different things. You have to be an EMT-Basic first to enroll in paramedic school. To become an EMT-Basic you first need CPR certification at the healthcare provider level. The actual EMT-Basic classes generally take about a semester to complete, and then you have national and state testing at class completion, so you can work in that state.

      Once you are certified as an EMT-Basic, you can enroll in paramedic school. There are lots of classes you take while in school, from Anatomy and Physiology, to EKG interpretation, Phlebotomy, Drug Calculations, etc. The entire school usually takes a year or two to complete, and in addition to classwork, you also have to complete several hundred hours of clinical rotations at various local hospitals, and complete an internship with a local ambulance company.

      Hope this helps...

  15. QUESTION:
    Is a EMT a good career to choose?
    Can you be a EMT and not be a firefighter?

    Can you live off EMT salary? How much do that start off a Hour?

    Is It a good paying job?

    Should I have back up plan?

    Do you do alot of math in school ? If so what kind?

    Is there a school out there in the U.S for EMT that has DORM housing?

    • ANSWER:
      Being an EMT is good if you are young and single. Once you start getting older and start having a family, it would be hard to raise a family on an EMT wage. Pay ranges from ,000-,000/yr depending on the area of the country. It is an entry level job and usually a stepping stone to something else like paramedic, firefighter, nursing or other jobs in the medical field.

      EMT classes are usually at a community college. It is about 100-120 hour course. There isn't any math involved. Paramedics do use some math for drug calculations.

  16. QUESTION:
    are their any paramedics that can give me some pointers on the N.R> exam? getting ready to take it .?
    i would like some advice on the skills and the written.

    • ANSWER:
      As far as the written, the best advice I ever got was to "think like a basic". Remember BLS before ALS. Remember that scene safetly and universal precautions always comes first. Usually, the simplest and least invasive procedure is the correct choice.

      I'd study up on the areas that most people are a bit weak in: pediatrics, OB/GYN, cardiology, drug calculations.

      As far as the practical goes, the best thing is to try to relax. Memorize the skill sheets to the point where you can quote them in your sleep. After all, the practical is all about whether you can perform a skill according to those pesky skill sheets. In the oral stations, it helps to visualize the call in your mind. Create a mental picture of what the scene looks like, what the patient looks like, and what needs to be done for the patient. During the other practical stations, don't forget to state that you are wearing gloves and any other required form of protection (gown, mask, etc). Be sure to dispose of all sharps correctly! Remember, if you don't state it, it didn't happen. You might perform the procedure correctly, but be sure to verbally state everything that you are doing, becaue the examiner might be busy writing, and not notice that you cleansed the IV site, etc. If you don't say it out loud, then the examiner won't know you actually performed the procedure, and you might fail the station.

      Hope this helps...

  17. QUESTION:
    Is there such a thing as a little black book for nurses?

    maybe i should be more specific since someone said "noooooooo LOL"

    I meant something along the lines of a small book for REFERENCE for nurses....

    • ANSWER:
      Absolutely!
      http://www.informedguides.com/index.cfm?event=product.detail&productID=27&categoryName=medical&ht=Nurses%20Pocket%20Guide%26trade%3B
      I use the informed paramedic ACLS guide, and it's the best one around.. has everything from drug cheats to drip calculations to some Spanish translations to common Rx meds. There are a ton out there, but these are the ones I like!

  18. QUESTION:
    To nurses, is there enough science in nursing?
    None of my Bio, Chem, Physics or Math will get me any exemptions which I am upset about. However, they take exemptions for the Psychology courses and one Economics course I took.

    I understand their program has mostly clinical courses and anatomy courses. What is that like? Do you do any math at all? Why not?

    They idea of helping people sounds great but I am afraid of getting into something too unsuitable for me.

    How do you cope with death and dying or are you too busy to cope that it becomes so routine.

    • ANSWER:
      Nurses do have math courses such as calculations as they need it for dosage calculations.

      Chemistry is useless along with physics to nursing as they need to know the anatomy of the body, drug dosages and psychology of the patients feelings.

      So there curriculm is very useful to their profession. There is enough science in nursing as they have a whole team of support. (physicians, pharmacist, paramedics, respiratory therapist, physical therapist and other specialist)

      Nursing is part of a health care team where everybody focuses on their profession in an effort to heal the patient.

  19. QUESTION:
    Anyone that has a job in the medical feild..?
    Im from NYC and I want to have a GOOD paying job that'll last a lifetime.. Something in the medical feild like an EMT worker or in the Pediatrics something easy..(I cant stand numbers also!) Im looking forward to going to community college for this but im not sure which feild is the money maker, any advice or suggestions and how much they pay good would help.. Thanx!

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know where you got your information from, but being an EMT isn't a high paying field at all, and it isn't easy by far.
      The average pay for an EMT-Basic is -10 an hour, and the average pay for an EMT-Paramedic is -15 an hour. It's hard, back-breaking work, and most people who are in this aren't here for the money. In addition, there's always some math. As a paramedic, you will be stuck doing the occasional drug calculation.

      Pediatrics isn't easy, either, because all the sick kids you see tend to take an emotional toll on you.

      Check out radiology. A radiology tech usually starts out around an hour, it's fairly easy, and it only requires an associate's degree in radiology, available at many community colleges.

      Hope this helps...

  20. QUESTION:
    For students!!!?
    Whats your opinion about MATH?????

    • ANSWER:
      Good question actually, I almost read your question and passed it up, but then sat here and thought about it for a while. Seriously, it depends on your instructor because I have had awesome prof's before that really made math interesting, then on the flip side I had the "back turned, nose in the white board, head down" type that almost made me jump out the third story window! But math in general is actually pretty easy because there is always an answer . . . you know what I mean? Nothing is subjective, there is ONLY right and wrong and thats what I appreciated about that subject. Once you take it intot he real world though (depending on what you do) you don't use all that much. I'm a Paramedic so I use the drug calculations a lot which can be tricky at times. Have fun dear and good luck! <3


drug calculations for paramedics